One of the main challenges that current societies face is the incorporation of people of immigrant origin in equal conditions. This is particularly relevant if we wish to avoid the appearance of acculturation profiles of segregation and/or marginalization since the beginning of schooling, as they may cause similar situations of conflict to those of other countries.

In this regard, Acculturation theory proposes that these young people develop different profiles based on the maintenance of their own language, culture and identity as well as the adoption of those of the majority group(s). These profiles tend to cause psychosocial and educational adjustments that may be more or less satisfactory.

There is no doubt that society in general, and the educational system in particular, play crucial roles in forming these profiles as well as the derived implications on school performance, which are mediated by linguistic success and linguistic and socio-educational inclusion.